African Americans with sarcoidosis are often at higher risk for mortality than are Caucasians. Consequently, the prevalence of this disease among this ethnic group is increasing, making diagnosis and treatment more difficult. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) estimate that in the United States, 1.5 percent of African Americans will develop invasive cancer of the lymph nodes or diaphragm within five years of being diagnosed with the disease. Sarcoidosis can also result in vision loss, hearing impairment, paralysis, shortening of the bones, and/or muscular weakness.
One way to determine if a patient has this illness is by doing a blood test called the sarcoidosis antigen test. It is done after a sample of blood is drawn from the patient’s skin. If the test results are positive, doctors then conduct a battery of tests to determine what type of disease the patient has. Besides, medical studies are conducted to help identify and treat the cause of the disease.
Diagnosis usually involves a blood test and urine samples. Blood tests are usually done to look for high levels of proteins (such as albumin, amyloidosis-proteinases, epsilon reductase, etc.) and antibodies against the disease’s antigens. Urine tests are usually done to look for high levels of creatine, ferritin, glycogen, glycoside, and other blood-clotting products.
Treatment involves symptom control. If doctors determine that symptoms are consistent with the disease process, they usually recommend that the patient undergo one or more of the following procedures: Vitamin D and calcium supplement intake, intravenous immunoglobulin, methotrexate, radiofrequency ablation, cryosurgery, hemodialysis, thalassemia, factor X therapy, and bioresonance therapy. Rarely, these medications are required in all cases.
Most patients with the disease live into their 70s and beyond, but some develop early-onset mortality. Early-onset mortality occurs when the person develops the disease before reaching the age of 75. This condition is called “pre-neoplastic conditions.” Unfortunately, it is a common manifestation of the disease when symptoms are seen early. Mortality due to this condition can range from five years to as much as ten years. It should be noted that this condition can affect anyone, regardless of race or ethnicity, living in America.
As is evident by the name, sarcoidosis cannot be cured. However, this neurodegenerative disease can be managed and controlled. As with any chronic disease, early detection and treatment are important factors in managing and possibly preventing this illness. Also, regular exercise and a healthy diet can help maintain good health and improve quality of life. For additional information regarding this condition and its treatments, please visit the website mentioned below.